Step 3.

Greenhouse Production

After November 5th, pots are ready to be brought in to the greenhouse as necessary to fulfill your orders.  Below, find Greenhouse Production guidance for Tulips, Hyacinths, Daffodils and Tete-a-Tete.

Tulips

Tulip forcing time in the greenhouse depends on the temperature in the greenhouse. Some varieties like Nico Vos and Palestrina take 6 weeks at 60 degrees to force in the greenhouse. Therefore, take them out first to be forced in the greenhouse. All other varieties force around the same time.  If a variety comes in too early, you can always move them to a cool area or back in the cooler at 32-34 degrees. Use the following rule of thumb for most tulip varieties:

  • If the average temperature is 60 degrees both day and night tulips require 4 weeks of forcing time
  • If the average temperature is 50 degrees both day and night tulips require 5 weeks of forcing time
  • If the average temperature is 40 degrees both day and night tulips require 6 weeks of forcing time

Greenhouse Tips for Tulips

  • Tulips like to be acclimated to the daylight, so bring your tulips in to the greenhouse at the end of the day, or on a cloudy overcast day
  • Water tulips right away, and make sure during the course of forcing that when you water, water thoroughly
  • Roots of the tulips are in the bottom of the pot, and that is where you need the water. The roots should never be dry
  • Once a tulip is tight and is showing a little color, you can stop watering
  • To avoid botrytis, do not water on cloudy days
  • Water on sunny days early in the morning only
  • Maintain a well-ventilated greenhouse

Hyacinths

At an average temperature both day and night of 50 to 60 degree, hyacinths require about 10 to 14 days in the greenhouse, except varieties like Marconi, Amethyst and City of Harlem; they need an additional 7 days.

Avoid a big temperature change in the beginning of the forcing period. Otherwise your hyacinths will split. To avoid hyacinths splitting we suggest you proceed as follows: (especially on early Easters)

  • Slowly bring your cooler temperature up to 40 degrees for a week
  • Do not water hyacinths for the first 4-5 days in the greenhouse
  • If need be, cover your hyacinths with a couple of sheets of newspaper, this will enable the hyacinth and the flower inside to be drawn up
  • In the beginning phase of forcing hyacinths; force at low temperatures in the greenhouse 40-45 degrees
  • When the hyacinths are in the greenhouse, water normally and force just like the tulips; in a well-ventilated greenhouse

Why do hyacinths spit?

Detachment of the flower stem is caused by not enough cold weeks or vernalization, as well as, trying to force them in a warm greenhouse with roots drinking applied water.

What are enough cold weeks?

It is the number of weeks your planted bulbs in pots are in the cooler running between 36 and 48 degrees.  

Note:  The weeks that the potted bulbs are below 36 degrees is not considered to be part of a cold week.

How do I know if my hyacinths have enough cold weeks?

Hyacinth Variety

Required weeks between 36 and 48 degrees

Blue Jacket

17 weeks

Carnegie

14 weeks

Pink Surprise

16 weeks

Marconi

18 weeks

Amethyst

18 weeks

Pink Pearl

14 weeks

Delft Blue

14 weeks

  • Know plant date and count the number of weeks that the cooler ran between 48-36 degrees
  • If you are short on the number of weeks required than raise the temperature in the cooler after you have placed the tulips in the greenhouse
  • When you see that your hyacinths are reacting to the increase of the temperature inside the cooler by a lengthening sprout development, you have reached full vernalization. Use the following chart for specific hyacinth varieties:

Daffodils and Tete-a-Tete:

Like hyacinths, daffodils will force quickly in about a two week period. When growing daffodils, keep them in the greenhouse and watered. Also, just like tulip and hyacinths, once the flower is starting to show color, do not water as heavily because the roots of the plant will only drink and absorb the water, therefore the stem will only grow taller.

Storing forced bulb crop in the cooler:

  • Be sure that the foliage is dry and the growing medium is moist to wet
  • A tight green plant versus an open flower plant in color will store longer and better in the cooler 
  • Run the cooler at between 32 and 33 degrees

Tulips

We have a detailed spreadsheet outlining the number of cold weeks required for each specific variety of tulip. Download below

Download Additional Information